TPMS diagnostic information – RAM 1500 2016-2018

01.05.2019

CR-Cars-Hero-2017-Ram-1500-side-09-17

RAM 1500 TPMS Diagnostics, 2016-2018

After the TREAD Act was mandated in 2007, all vehicles manufactured in the United States beginning in 2008, must be installed with direct or indirect TPMS systems.

The RAM 1500 uses a direct TPMS system, which means TPMS sensors are installed in the wheel. If one or more tires indicate low tire pressure, the TPMS sensors will transfer the information to the vehicle’s ECU. An indicator light (low-line TPMS system) or each tire pressure will show on the dash (high-line TPMS system).

When a tire is inflated, rotated or changed in one or more tires of a RAM 1500 truck, a TPMS relearn must be performed to write the ID’s to the vehicle.

Type of TPMS system:

  • Direct TPMS, TPMS sensors are installed in the wheel, tire pressure is communicated via radio frequency (RF) technology from the sensor to the vehicle’s ECU

RAM 1500 Infographic

Type of OE sensor:

  • Schrader TPMS Sensor 315 MHz – part number 68249197AA

Aftermarket (Universal, Hybrid, Programmable, Configurable, One-to-One, OE-style) options for TPMS sensor replacement:

  • Alligator Sens.it
  • BWD/Standard Qwik
  • Dill 5001
  • Direct Fit
  • Dynamic Pro-Select
  • ECH/NAPA Qwik
  • EZ-Sensor Schrader
  • Huf IntelliSens
  • MOBILETRON Universal
  • Orange DirectFit US
  • Orange Universal US
  • PDQ
  • STEELMAN Select
  • U-Pro

All programmable, configurable, hybrid and OE-type (one-to-one) TPMS sensor options and service kits can be found in the VT56, VT55, and VT36 TPMS Tools.

Type of TPMS frequency:

  • 315MHz

Type of Relearn procedures:

  • Auto relearn procedure
  • Bonus OBD relearn procedure coverage as an option on the VT56 for years 2008-2017, requires OBD module

Type of TPMS tool required for TPMS reset:

  • TPMS activation tool such as VT15, VT31, VT36 or VT56 for auto relearn
  • VT56 TPMS scan tool with OBDII module includes Sync ID technology for software versions DA1-25-04 and higher for bonus OBD relearn

Auto relearn procedure, years 2008-2019:

  • Confirm TPMS sensors are properly installed
  • Adjust tire pressure to placard value
  • Hold TPMS tester on left front tire sidewall next to valve stem, use TPMS tool to activate the sensor
  • Repeat for the right front, right rear and left rear sensors
  • Drive vehicle for up to 20 minutes above 15 mph or until TPMS light is off

RAM Manual Relearn

Bonus coverage, OBD relearn procedure, years 2016-2017:

  • OBDII module is required, attach to the tool
  • Confirm TPMS sensors are properly installed
  • Adjust tire pressure to placard value
  • Hold TPMS tester on left front tire sidewall next to valve stem, use TPMS tool to activate the sensor
  • Repeat for the right front, right rear and left rear sensors
  • Apply OBD module to DLC
  • Turn ignition to ON
  • Press OK on TPMS tool to transfer data to ECU
  • Disconnect OBD module from DLC
  • Turn ignition OFF then start the engine
  • Drive for at least 5 minutes at 28 mph

RAM OBDII Relearn 1

Troubleshooting tips

Oversized Rims

If you notice interference of your TPMS signal on the RAM 1500, it could be due to oversized rims. The RAM, in general, have very large rims, and especially if there are larger aftermarket rims on the vehicle, it can cause RF signal interference.

Auto-relearn, the light won’t turn off?

The auto relearn procedure steps require the technician to drive for at least 5 minutes at 28 mph. Unfortunately, when you’re at the shop, it is not always easy or time-valuable to drive a vehicle around at over 28 mph for that amount of time. If the shop is in a city, it may not be possible to drive for over 28 mph unless the user drives outside of a city environment where it is possible to drive at higher speeds.

Solution? For RAM vehicles 2008-2017, the bonus OBD relearn procedure is available for the ATEQ VT56, thanks to patented Sync-ID technology. This advanced feature allows the user to perform an OBD relearn to turn the light off, with minimal to no driving time required to turn the light off, saving the technician time and the customer labor costs.

Placard values

It is common for RAM trucks to overload vehicles. Some diagnostic scan tools with TPMS capabilities can communicate to the vehicle’s ECU to adjust placard values to accommodate tire inflation to the load index of the tire. It is important to note this change on a placard value sticker, which should be inserted above the original placard sticker to accommodate the changes made.

DODGE TPMS DTC Codes:

– TPMS Verification
B1A14: RKE FOB 5 Battery Low
B1A76-11: REMOTE START ANTENNA CIRCUIT – CIRCUIT SHORT TO GROUND
B1A76-13: REMOTE START ANTENNA CIRCUIT – CIRCUIT OPEN
B2199: Battery Voltage – Circuit Voltage Above Or Below Threshold
B2199-16: Battery Voltage – Circuit Voltage Below Threshold
B2199-17: Battery Voltage – Circuit Voltage Above Threshold
B21DD: System Voltage – Signal Voltage Above Or Below Allowable Range
B21DD-84: System Voltage – Signal Voltage Below Allowable Range
B21DD-85: System Voltage – Signal Voltage Above Allowable Range
B22A0-49: RF HUB INTERNAL – INTERNAL ELECTRONIC FAILURE
C0077: Low Tire Pressure
C0077-00: Low Tire Pressure
C1501: Tire Pressure Sensor 1 Internal
C1501-07: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 1 – MECHANICAL FAILURE
C1501-16: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 1-CIRCUIT VOLTAGE BELOW THRESHOLD
C1501-31: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 1 – NO SIGNAL
C1501-4B: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 1-OVER TEMPERATURE
C1501-96: Tire Pressure Sensor 1 Internal
C1502: Tire Pressure Sensor 2 Internal
C1502-07: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 2 – MECHANICAL FAILURE
C1502-16: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 2-CIRCUIT VOLTAGE BELOW THRESHOLD
C1502-31: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 2 – NO SIGNAL
C1502-4B: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 2-OVER TEMPERATURE
C1502-96: Tire Pressure Sensor 2 Internal
C1503: Tire Pressure Sensor 3 Internal
C1503-07: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 3 – MECHANICAL FAILURE
C1503-16: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 3-CIRCUIT VOLTAGE BELOW THRESHOLD
C1503-31: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 3 – NO SIGNAL
C1503-4B: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 3-OVER TEMPERATURE
C1503-96: Tire Pressure Sensor 3 Internal
C1504: Tire Pressure Sensor 4 Internal
C1504-07: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 4 – MECHANICAL FAILURE
C1504-16: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 4-CIRCUIT VOLTAGE BELOW THRESHOLD
C1504-31: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 4 – NO SIGNAL
C1504-4B: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 4-OVER TEMPERATURE
C1504-96: Tire Pressure Sensor 4 Internal
C1505: Tire Pressure Sensor 5 Internal
C1506: Tire Pressure Trigger Module Performance
C1507: Tire Pressure Trigger Module Performance
C1508: Tire Pressure Trigger Module Performance
C1509: Tire Pressure Trigger Module Performance
C150A: Tire Pressure Trigger Module Voltage High
C150B: Tire Pressure Trigger Module Voltage High
C150C: Tire Pressure Trigger Module Voltage High
C150D: Tire Pressure Trigger Module Voltage High
C151C: Tire Pressure Sensors Missing
C151C-00: Tire Pressure Sensors Missing
C151D: Tire Pressure Sensor Location Undetermined
C151D-00: Tire Pressure Sensor Location Undetermined
C1570-00: Duplicate Tire Pressure Sensor ID’s
C1580: Left/Right Side Tire Pressure Sensor Location Undetermined
C1580-00: Left/Right Side Tire Pressure Sensor Location Undetermined
C1581: Front/Rear Tire Pressure Sensor Location Undetermined
C1581-00: Front/Rear Tire Pressure Sensor Location Undetermined
C1597-00: TPMS Deactivated – Winter Mode
C15CB-00: FRONT AXLE TIRE PRESSURE PLACARD VALUE IMPLAUSIBLE
C15CC-00: REAR AXLE TIRE PRESSURE PLACARD VALUE IMPLAUSIBLE
C15CD-07: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 6 – MECHANICAL FAILURES
C15CD-31: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 6 – NO SIGNAL
C15CE-07: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 7 – MECHANICAL FAILURES
C15CE-31: TIRE PRESSURE SENSOR 7 – NO SIGNAL
C15D6-00: RUN FLAT TIRE PRESSURE BELOW THRESHOLD
C2209: Tire Pressure Monitor Internal
C2209-00: Tire Pressure Monitor Internal
P0928: BTSI Control Circuit
U0001: CAN C BUS
U0001-00: CAN C BUS
U0002: CAN C BUS OFF Performance
U0002-00: CAN C BUS OFF Performance
U0019: CAN B BUS
U0100: Lost Communication With ECM /PCM
U0100-00: Lost Communication With ECM /PCM
U0101-00: LOST COMMUNICATION WITH TCM
U0121: Lost Communication With Anti-Lock Brake Module
U0121-00: Lost Communication With Anti-Lock Brake Module
U0140-00: Lost Communication With BCM
U0141: Lost Communication With IPM (FCM/TIPM)
U0141-00: Lost Communication With IPM (FCM/TIPM)
U0146: Lost Communication With Central Gateway
U0155: Lost Communication With Cluster /CCN
U0155-00: Lost Communication With Cluster /CCN
U0168: Lost Communication With Vehicle Security Control Module (WIN/WCM)
U0168-00: Lost Communication With Vehicle Security Control Module (WIN/WCM)
U0236: Lost Communication With Column Lock Module
U110D: Lost Communication With Security Siren
U1114: Lost Communication With LF Tire Pressure Trigger Module
U1115: Lost Communication With RF Tire Pressure Trigger Module
U1116: Lost Communication With LR Tire Pressure Trigger Module
U1117: Lost Communication With RR Tire Pressure Trigger Module
U1197: Security Seed Response Not Received From ECM /PCM
U1416: Implausible Security Siren Signal Received